It's time for a newsflash again, dear ones! Make yourself comfortable, because we have a lot to talk about. In addition to Blue Origin's cheeky PR strategy, there was a huge drama about the International Space Station. Boeing's Starliner has also caused a sensation. There is still news from the Mars rover Perseverance and its little companion Ingenuity. On Artificial Intelligence Day, hosted by Tesla, Elon Musk made people sit up and take notice when he presented a humanoid robot. In today's issue we explore what this robot can do and what Elon intends to do with it. Does Elon want to usurp world domination now ? Oh yeah, and Rocket Lab has been heard from too! Subscribe now to Mars Chronicles so you don't miss another issue! Hello and welcome to another issue of Mars Chronicles.
My name is Sirwan and I have the space news for you. So let's take off right away, then we'll arrive earlier! Let's start with the ISS drama. At the end of July, Russia sent the last Nauka module to the International Space Station, or ISS for short, using a Proton M rocket. We already know a lot about it, so I won't go into that much more . Moritz has already dealt extensively with the topic on his whiz kid. But what I would also like to say is that I am very surprised that something like this can happen.
The module arrives with a delay of many years and almost costs the ISS crew their lives. You can twist and turn it however you want, it doesn't work. The crew got away with a shock. But that could have turned out very differently. Less than two weeks later, on August 3rd, Boeing's brand new crew capsule should have made its second attempt, returning to the ISS and back to Earth without a crew .
The first attempt last year went badly in the pants. All of NASA's almost 100 complaints were supposedly resolved after the first test flight. And in fact, I think so too. However, the mission could not be carried out. The reason for this was immovable valves. The high humidity had meant that the valves stuck and could not be remotely controlled. Therefore the start was aborted shortly before T -0. The capsule and the rocket had to be returned to the integration building. There the two were separated so that all affected areas could be reached. Most of the valves are now under control. But not all of them yet. The problem was that moisture had gotten into the capsule's propulsion system and reacted with the hydrogen tetraoxide.
This in turn caused the valves to stick. This problem would probably not have had a dramatic impact with people on board. Because for the rocket to start, these valves have to be open. Thus, this problem is always discovered. Rather, the bigger debacle for Boeing is that they have a problem that they can fix relatively quickly. But for the next few months either the alignment of the launch site with the ISS does not fit, or ULA has no capacity, or its ramp is occupied.
This delay could push the next attempt at an orbital test flight for Starliners into next year. Kind of sad! I really want a competitor for SpaceX's Dragon capsule. By the way, this has been successfully transporting crew to the ISS and back for a year now. It's not that Boeing is going to overturn Starliner, but those constant delays are annoying. Because if there should ever be something with Dragon or the Falcon 9, the only alternative is the Russian Soyuz. As a result, the crew of the ISS would inevitably become smaller again and suddenly it would no longer be possible to conduct research on the ISS.
The point here is not that the Russians are the bad guys, or that Boeing is incompetent, but that the ISS must be used to capacity so that we can derive the greatest possible scientific benefit from it for humanity. In English they say: Don't put all your eggs in one basket. Don't put all of your eggs in one basket.
Which means that one cannot rely on an option. Even if the option is SpaceX. Most of the problems discovered after the first test flight were software errors. This time it was a hardware problem. Give the video a thumbs up if you like what you see. This helps the YouTube algorithm understand that space travel is for everyone. A replenishment mission to the ISS was planned for August 10th. The launch vehicle was Northrop Grummans Antares 230+ with the cargo capsule Cygnus. Why am I telling you about it? I streamed the startup, but until long after it started, I didn't notice that one of the internal computers had restarted. The restart took four minutes and guess what time it started! Four minutes before the end of the short start window. Fortunately it all worked out.
And around 36 hours later, the capsule had come so close to the ISS that the Canada Arm 2 Cygnus was able to grab and dock. Astronaut Megan McArthur steered the Canada Arm with the help of her colleague Thomas Pesquet. That was a particularly interesting mission, because insanely cool experiments were sent to the ISS in the capsule . Including a 3D printer that can print with Mars and Moon Regulit. I cover several of these experiments in my stream . The stream is linked in the description below. Good enough about the ISS. You see what has been going on around the ISS alone. And I didn't even cover everything.
But we go to the next topic. We haven't looked at the likeable Mars rover Perseverance for a long time . What does he actually do all day long on Mars. Persy has been on our neighboring planet for over half a year. Here we see the path that Persy and his little companion Ingenuity have covered. Ingenuity was actually just a technology demonstration and had completed its mission after a few weeks and will soon be flying for the thirteenth time. As a reminder, only a handful of flights were planned. Now the little helicopter is buzzing regularly over the surface of Mars. You can see in this picture that Ingenuity flies over difficult terrain, while Perseverance has to drive the long way around the outside. In total, Ingenuity was in the air for almost 22 full minutes and covered more than two and a half kilometers on the surface of Mars.
And that although the little cheeky badger weighs less than two kilograms. This is possible thanks to the small solar cell that Ingenuity has and can therefore charge the batteries between flights. Perseverance has now made its first of many wells. The operation was planned with care. The borehole here is about seven centimeters deep. When the first data came in, everyone was amazed because the chamber was empty. The rock had just crumbled and fallen out. Nobody expected that. Even we as laypeople recognize from this borehole that the rock is very sand-like.
Although that sounds disappointing at first, it is a great and important finding to have uncovered the properties of this part of the Martian soil. Now Persy has a new goal. Find a new, suitable location for the next hole . This time, you will probably not drill directly into the ground, but into one of these stones. If you would like to see more of the two cronies on the red planet, you can look at all the pictures free of charge on the NASA website . Links to this in the description below. Good luck Persy and Ingenuity. Before we get to Blue Origin's embarrassing performances over the past few days, let's take a quick look at Peter Beck's Rocket Lab, which made a successful comeback after their setback on their last mission.
During the failed start, there was a problem with the igniter for the second stage engine. You can also visit me on Instagram, Twitter and Tik Tok. There I regularly provide you with small nibbles of space travel. Links in the description. The mission, called “It's a little Chile up here”, started on July 29th from the Mahia Peninsula in New Zealand. This time everything went like clockwork. The first and second stages burned as planned and put the research and development satellite for the US Space Force into orbit. Rocket Lab analyzed and fixed the problem in just a few months . I can't help it, I'm a huge fan of this organization and I wish you very, very much success with your operational Electron and with your new Neutron medium-load rocket, which is due to appear in 2024.
So! And now we come to the theater that Blue Origin has put on for the past few weeks. I hope you are sitting comfortably and have a helmet on, because what comes next is not for the faint of heart! After NASA rejected the Blue Origin concept for the lunar landing system for humans , they naturally appealed the decision. The appeal was dismissed. Then for a brief moment I thought that there had been a rethink at Blue Origin, because in an open letter to NASA they had announced that they were ready to contribute several billion themselves. When that didn't lead to the US Congress simply making extra billions for Blue Origin, they published these ridiculous infographics like a defiant little kid .
In principle, there is nothing wrong with the graphics. The main hitch is that Starship is big, complex, risky and not yet operational. Boca Chica is also scolded. You write that no orbital flights have yet started from there. Which is a joke, because Blue Origin has not yet put anything in Earth orbit. SpaceX, on the other hand, has already completed more than 100 successful orbital missions, and recovered most of their boosters in the process.
So what is this about, please? The price is not dealt with in either of the two graphics . Although SpaceX's HLS is many times larger and more powerful, it costs less than half the price of Blue Origin's concept. I think this negative energy shouldn't be put into dirty campaigns, but into your own concept . Instead of improving the concept, they are trying to make the competition bad. On top of that, and this is now the hardship, Blue Origin wants to fight NASA with all legal means. Say they want to shower NASA with lawsuits. And when there are lawsuits involved in projects like this, everything is shut down until the issues are all resolved. So don't just contribute an inappropriate and too expensive concept , but also willfully hinder progress. According to the motto, if we don't get it, then nobody should get it. If I were NASA, I would not be happy about such a childish applicant and would be wary of them in the future.
SpaceX has also sued before, but at the time the award actually involved lazy things and SpaceX was right in court. But Blue Origins lawsuits will be dismissed and nothing but expenses. If Blue Origin had already delivered at least the BE-4 engines for ULA . Or if they had anything other than a bunch of suborbital flights on the Fallus carousel to show. But no. It is better to point a finger than to look at yourself. To clarify, I would like to emphasize that I am not attacking the engineers and hard-working people in the background, but the management and the PR department.
Because that's anything but clean PR. They fulfill every cliché of the greedy villain who only has his own gain in mind. The good thing about it is that the free market itself decides which product is better. Jeff Bezos can still complain so much and stop progress. SpaceX will still work tirelessly on the HLS at its own expense. And when all is clear, the Starship HLS is likely to be further than anyone would think. Really sad attitude towards the competition. This is neither sporty nor in the sense of exploring our universe together. They brought a similar action when Virgin Galactic completed their first flight with a crew on board.
Sorry for talking like that. But it is true!
I wonder where this difference between self and external image comes from. Where does this false self-confidence come from. And where did this audacity come from. I wish Blue Origin the best of luck in making friends. Sad but true!
Let's get to a more enjoyable topic! Tesla hosted Artificial Intelligence Day, or AI for short, and presented some really groundbreaking innovations and developments . Huh? Tesla doesn't do space travel! So why am I telling you about it? Don't worry, the circle will come full circle. First and foremost, the development of your AI for autonomous driving was presented. There are some really cool and advanced processes. In any case, they are already very far and Elon has emphasized that Tesla is much more than an automaker. You're basically building a high-tech robot with a super-advanced built-in computer. They are now specialists in software, batteries, material processing and much, much more. On top of that, they already have a lot of experience in using them to manufacture products in series.
So it was obvious, at least for Elon Musk, that they should put this experience and technology into a humanoid robot. Let me introduce: optimist. This is the name of the one meter 72 tall, 57 kilogram heavy robot. Elon said that he will have relatively little strength and will not run particularly fast. Simply so that you can overwhelm the robot in case of doubt or run away from it.
Optimist should do boring, repetitive, or dangerous tasks in the future. Do you already notice where this story is going? But the top premise here is that optimist should be kind. Instead of a face, it will have a screen. In the end, this robot is less different from a Tesla car than you might think at first glance. Both have built in the same computer, each have eight cameras and the same software.
He should be able to learn and even the end user should still be able to teach him things. You will be able to give him simple tasks. For example, “Go to the supermarket and buy a liter of milk!” Or “Carry this bag in the car!” So not every movement has to be programmed separately. This is possible because they are currently building a supercomputer that is specially optimized for so-called machine learning. The aim is to train both autonomous driving and the optimist's brain. This supercomputer has a modular structure and you can connect an infinite number of them in series. The name of this supercomputer is DOJO. A cabinet has a total of 1.1 EFLOP. This means that 1.1 trillion, i.e. 10 ^ 18 operations per second can be carried out here. A DOJO cabinet is called an ExaPOD and consists of 120 of these training panels . Each plate has 9 PETAFLOPs and consists of smaller chips, each of which represents a complete unit with power supply, memory, ram, interface and cooling.
That means you can scale that up a lot. Because as soon as you plug in this plate, it is ready for use. You don't need any extra peripherals. DOJO is then fed a lot of data from the Tesla fleet and spits out optimizations at the other end. You can also partition it to do different tasks at the same time. Although Elon didn't address it directly, I can already see how optimist one of the first passengers to the moon and Mars will be. I believe that this robot will do a lot of the necessary work for us in space and on other celestial bodies in the beginning . I can already see how people are screaming and saying that the robots will take our jobs away from us and I can say: Yes, you are right! But we won't get around it. I am now leaning far out of the window with what I am saying. I'm not a politics or a car channel, but sometimes things are intertwined and interdependent. Elon is in favor of an unconditional basic income.
Which I can connect me. There are many reasons for this. I would like to name some of them to you. On the one hand, an unconditional basic income would free many people from their jobs. People could do what they like and do well. Even if that doesn't make too much money. Which in turn leads to an enrichment of society. Of course, some would take advantage of that. But in the long run, I believe that we humans tick so that we want to create something. We all have potential within us that cannot develop. This would give everyone more time to further their education, to consume art, to travel and much more. There are also people who are happy with their job. And that's a good thing. These people will continue to be able to do their jobs. Because, despite everything, robots will not be able to keep up with motivated people in many areas. And where robots are better than us, we should also leave the work to the robots. I am aware that this is a hot topic and that I can never shed light on all aspects of the unconditional basic income in this video.
But I think our society will certainly benefit from it in the long run. For this, however, robots would have to be mature like optimists beforehand, so that this can become a reality. Some of you may have already noticed that a new button with “Become a member” now appears under this video . From now on there is the possibility to become a member of Mars Chronicles in order to enjoy numerous advantages. This includes early access to videos, ad-free issues and even a crew t-shirt from the brand new Mars Chronicles Merch Shop. The offer for members will of course be expanded even further. In the last issue I mispronounced lavaling. Sorry! Hope it's true this time. Sorry! A huge thank you to Tony von Mondgeflüster for your membership. And congratulations on the 1,000 subscriptions! I would also like to thank all of my patrons for your generous support. Hopefully, thanks to your help, I will soon be able to make a living on YouTube. Speaking of which. Congratulations to Moritz von high-flyer on your incredible success story. 15,000 subscriptions, 1 million views and another orbit around the sun. Happy Birthday! If you like what I do and want to take a look behind the scenes, then I would be happy if you visit Patreon and support the channel with a membership.
With this announcement we come to the sponsored part of today's issue. I've got a media partner on board. For a few weeks now you can read each of my issues in the form of an article on warda.at. There you will also find other interesting articles on a wide variety of topics, vouchers, competitions and much, much more.
So feel free to take a look. So my dear ones. So that was it again today from my side. I say thank you very much for switching on and see you soon on Mars..