Building A Solar Powered Home | Wiring The Charge Controllers And Inverter

[Music] so get some tools and materials ready i'm going to start widening everything up this morning and we're trying to get back on solar get off a generator because we've actually been on generic for a number of days now [Music] [Music] [Music] so [Music] so [Music] [Applause] [Music] so we got everything prepped for wire for the disconnects i actually put bushings on the bottom side with rigid pipe in the trough i put bomb bushings inside of the disconnects um it's over 250 volts coming in so it's eccentric knockout we bomb bush them we actually have 420 volts coming in from our panels if you guys remember a couple years ago we pulled number four wire from the panels to the first disconnect and this year we're actually going to do number eight wire for enough panels to disconnect the reason why we're doing like that because originally we actually sized the wire bigger so we're going to put more panels on that first array that we did so we wouldn't have to pull a new wire or anything like that we actually went bigger so we can add more panels we want to go ahead and do that technology change they don't make our panels anymore same brand of panels hand wash but it's a different wattage panel so i can't wire those in series with my 385 watts with my 425 watt panel so we did two new strings for second and third string of panels in that case we actually went with number eight wire copper so we're good to go so if you all see this wire here is bigger that's why yeah so as josh had mentioned the panels that we originally bought are 385 watts they stopped making those by the time that we were ready to expand the array so the ones that we just recently bought are 425 watts however they are more wattage for the same price so the 385 watt panels cost the exact same price as the newer 425 watt panels but they both have the same square footage so once they're up you're not going to be able to tell that there's a difference in the type of panel it's just that solar technology is constantly improving and the price is coming down so as we go along we're kind of like reaping the benefits of advancing technology so i'm gonna push bar to you it's gonna come out this inch and a quarter pipe here you're gonna take that wire run it through the trough come this way and you're gonna turn up this trough right here it's gonna turn in right through here to the charge controller three you can leave about a foot out does that make sense yeah you can handle this once we get that done we'll do the same thing again but to be a little more difficult we're gonna go to charge door two okay okay then he's gonna do it it's really gonna change we gotta charge controller one oh my god i'm not really sure that i'm capable of doing that but we'll just have to see but just so you know wherever the light lightning arrester is you can want to come through that side you don't want to come on this side and come through i'm going to go to the lighting ruster so three two one in that order okay that sounds good i'm going to go ahead and get chuck so he can be outside and supervise your work [Laughter] [Music] super [Music] so [Music] so [Music] [Applause] [Music] you good i'm good i'm gonna cut it is it long enough it's long enough are you sure yes be positive none positive okay i'm gonna cut it okay [Music] last one ready [Music] strings come loose [Music] [Music] as you guys know these two discs are the new ones that's the old existing one we actually took our grinder grinded down the paint off this bottomless can we took our ground lug put it on top of that and bolted it down the reason why you got to do that is because you need metal metal touching if i just take this and bolt it to the cane with a paint it's not a good enough bond the only way that it would work if i had a pre-drilled and tapped hole so that went through a hole and it actually screwed through the hole that's acceptable bond with that on there without grinding the paint down but since i took a bolt and a nut and i bolted it on there i needed to grind the paint down so that's what we did um now we're gonna go underneath and put a ground bar and find everything down there and start bringing ground wires up and finding everything so with that we actually got a tap tool for our drill this screws an 832 size screw drills a proper size for the screw it also puts threads on the can so i can actually screw this right on in [Music] [Music] [Music] so [Music] [Music] okay [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Music] [Music] good enough [Music] we are wired up everything's done this is going to be our line so i'd come in we'll take care of that later not really worried about that right now because i still got to go inside and wire everything else up the 12 panels that we do have right now that are up we actually have uh two strings of those so it's six wiring series the other six wiring series and they actually parallel in the combiner box and we have one set of wire coming through here so it's actually 288 volts for this disconnect these two disconnects are going to be wired a little bit different i actually have uh two strings of 10.

So 10 panels wired together in series 10 panels wired together in series and when you add your voltage on that you go positive negative negative positive all the way through it's going to give you to uh on these will give you 420 volts so a little bit different from this one to that one but makes sense to me [Laughter] also real quick this is actually the low side that goes to the charge controllers we actually have all three of these wired up here's our positive lead our negative lead we actually have everything in the charge controllers right now it's gonna go through wire thing up and then pretty much mark everything so we know what what everything is so this is actually gonna be array one array two array three it's gonna be the same thing on the inside it's gonna be charged controller one two and three and array one goes with charge controller one so on and so forth so that makes sense let's go inside start wiring [Music] [Music] so josh just basically went through and got everything all cleaned up in the troughs he put sticky backs down and got things zip tied so that all of the wire is nice and neat and pretty and now ladies and gentlemen josh is going to start stripping what [Music] so we're stripping wire aaron don't get all wild this is our ground going in right here and this is for our lightning arrester we have the ground winning obviously we have a uh our positive lead and our negative lead right here and it came with directions and it shows the directions you got your uh your solar array right there and it shows your charge controller here it has you actually putting your uh lightning roster into the charge controller like we're doing so we're just gonna wire directly into it with our pv wires right here that come from our solar panels [Music] [Music] we got our ground coming in to the first charging controller number 10 wire that actually came from the solar panels outside and those solar panels are actually at least around 15 amps so number 10 wire is completely sufficient with that so it's going to go to the ground bar here they're going to jump a wire inside from charge controller 1 to two to three over here to the inverter it's all gonna get bonded with number eight wire and we'll come back out with number eight wire again off this bar go through the bottom chase nipple come down and i'm gonna bond the bottom of this cam right here so everything's bumped um the reason why i use number eight versus number 10 is because like i said it's like around 15 amps for these solar panels and then coming off for the battery terminals um the wire size is going to jump up to the lower voltage and be around 60 some volts or 50 some votes charging the batteries um to be 80 amps so use number eight wire um number eight wires ready for 100 amps so we use that to bind everything [Music] oh everybody does clinging to food but it'll cost [Music] everybody come judge me [Music] yeah so look at this i mean i hate the way they did this i think these bars in here are too small because if you look i'm gonna have one ground coming in from here i got a ground going up to there to the inverter and i got a ground for my um ground rods only and then i to jump from this laying lug they have right here on the side to bond everything together with a neutral because this is actually considered on this spot right here this right here will be it needs to be bonded at the service i mean this is i guess would you start with a service with uh a power company but your neutral and your ground needs to be bonded together your first means of disconnect which is this right here so it all needs to be bonded together i know other countries might be different but america is what we do things so my point is i guess i got lugs up here too my point is my ground bar here is it's too damn small i need a bigger ground bar so that being said um i gotta grab some paint down and put some more lugs in there and bond it all together not a big deal so you guys can see right here um we have our ac load on these three terms right here you have our line one neutral line two the load is what goes out to our panel so it's going to come down to here we'll tie into the breaker we have grid ac we are off grid so we will not be using those then we have the generator section ac2 so this is where the generator feeds will come off with this guy right here go to the breaker and we tie our uh the generator that we did that we bought let me show you guys yet we have one a house generator we found one that we're good that's on the vlog channel in like a couple days probably yes if i can get it done so we want to get that set and get everything tied in and ready to go so we're gonna get all this stuff prepped and ready to go and we gotta bind everything so not enough space for grounds i mean you have you have ground lamps everywhere they want you to bind everything but there's not enough space for anything makes no sense whatever we'll make do [Music] i should do you should have hired an electrician what i should do is remove that ground bar put that ground board down here and get this big ground bar right there and that big ground bar do everything but is that what that big ground bar ready for okay rep number six so wait are you redoing it taking this ground bar out oh my gosh so i get it i gotta refilm that whole thing now yeah i mean i put the ground bar in and give him look here and i go we should have more space here but i don't that being said i'm gonna go ahead and uh swap ground bars real quick get all my grounds going here get that down there while i'll be done i'll look better it'll be it be better be a better install and you guys have crying about it no no i have no problem filming it it's just that i'm going to be all up in your business and you got to stop crying about it you know that's how we do it that's how it works that's going to fit that being said i need to take this guy out and draw a line with him okay [Music] so [Music] so the next thing we're going to do is we're going to jump a wire from our nutribus down to our ground um that's going to be our main bonding jumper we're required to do that here in america i know we get a lot of comments from people overseas they say they don't do that but we require to do it here it's that our first means of disconnect our breaker right here this right here is where everything starts at and it comes from here and goes out so everything from here out this right here the panel next to me is actually considered a sub panel so our ground and our neutrals are completely isolated 100 the only time they make contact is right here [Music] all right so we're binding all right so look in here we have actually have lugs all over the place for uh binding this thing we actually put this larger um ground bar in there so we're gonna go ahead and bind everything off of this so it's not required for me to bring something from here to that side that's just complete nonsense because it's all connected to the can it's all already bonded together with this one ground bar i actually have one up there too i'm not going to remove them it's going to leave them but everything's going to get bonded here they come off and we're going to come up and we're actually going to land them here too you can see i have lugs inside of here and i also have a lug and the very bottom side is inverted there also those two are both bonded together i'm going to make one point of contact with it with this coming off of here right to there instead of doing here there and everywhere they have extra bugs i'm not sure why but they're not needed if i had a great big mansion i'd rather live in a shotgun shack with you if i drove a red ferrari i'd rather ride in those [Music] that's only the ground bar guys should we stop and take a drink before we think i need a drink it's not that bad the filming of this in order for us to film this and uh show everything and do all that it takes freaking forever like it's just so intricate i would have had it all done in 20 minutes but for you being here with the camera i know so i'm trying to be sure that you guys can see like the flow of how it's going through everything but then so have enough distance so you can see where it's going but then also be close enough in some areas so you can actually see what he's doing and it's kind of it's hard to work like this it's hard to mark with me with the camera right there her head's right here like this little screwdriver it's tough there's not enough room in the first place you don't have to get your hands in there and you've got a camera in your face i know that's all right you editing this video now okay i'm ready ready yeah you think you've done playing when i'm with you you

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